The plants of the Canadian Shield are different from the rest of plants in Canada. Mostly trees grow in the Canadian Shield, there are many different type of trees. In the southern part of the Canadian Shield the forests are mixed with birch, aspen, tamarack, black and white spruce, hemlock, pine and balsam trees. The mixed forests are beautiful during the fall when all of the leaves change colour. As you go further south the trees get bigger and move closer together. As you go north the trees get smaller and move apart. There is a part in the far northern part of the Canadian Shield that doesn’t have any forests.
The Canadian Shield has lots of animals such as moose, black bears, grizzly bears, wolves, foxes, beavers, different types of rodents, wood buffalo, woodland caribou, weasels and hares. Many different birds including the great horned owl, bald eagle and noreal owl take residence in this region. These animals make the Canadian Shield their home because they can get lots of water, food and shelter there. Many of the animals only live here in the summer, due to the continues summer sunshine and the long, dark winter. Two herds of caribou, the Bluenose Herd and the Bathurst Herd, migrate through the Canadian Shield. There is also a significant amount of muskox that are recovering from over-hunting.